Charles Townshend: The Historian Of Britain That Wrote About Nightwatchman states
As shown above, Mint Message has a top 10 YouTube video that explains a lot about the concept of a nightwatchman state: a form of government without a monopoly on violence where a state with the least possible number of powers that are needed to uphold the law. One of the things mentioned in this video is a historian that went to help popularize the concept of a nightwatchman state - a historian who goes by the name of Charles Townshend.
A Video Re-introduction to the concept of a nightwatchman state
Earlier, I talked about the concept of a nightwatchman state: a form of government without a monopoly on violence where a state with the least possible number of powers that are needed to uphold the law. To many, this may seem like a crazy concept, but a lot of Mint Message has pointed out how this form of government has frequently worked throughout history and how plenty of large communities (including certain parts of Great Britain until the start of World War I; the community of over 114,000 libertarians living in the anarcho-mutualist community of FEJUVE that has been around for forty-three years and even successfully fought off a dictatorship; the syndicalist Zapatistas in Mexico; and more).
An Introduction to Freetown Christiania: Agorism in Real-Life
Earlier, I wrote about agorism: an anarchist ideology where someone creates a nightwatchman state based around counter-economics where direct action between willing individuals is carried out through a grey market and other behaviors for creating a more unrestrained government without a monopoly on violence. This ideology was created by someone from the United States of America. Still, there is a community that practices this libertarian ideology that proves it can actually work in the real world that is not located in the United States but can be found on the European continent in the nation of Denmark and has been around for years.
An Introduction to Geoanarchism: Another Form of American Libertarianism
· Geoanarchism is an extension of the libertarian philosophy called geoism (or Georgism if you want to go with the longer name) but implemented without a monopoly on violence and a mostly participatory society. For a basic definition, geoism is an economic ideology and a doctrine holding that humans own what is created by them, but that those things found in nature, such as land, belong to no one person but instead belong equally to all mankind. While geoism allows you to be able to own property, it proposes the idea of having a single tax on land instead of regularly taxing income and labor. Geoism was created by Henry George, an American economist. Geoanarchism - also known as Anarcho-Georgism - has been described by anarcho-mutualist Kevin Carson in his article 'The Mechanics of Anarcho-Georgism'.
Agorism: An Anarchist Ideology With American Origins
Agorism is an early strain of market anarchism associated with an anti-statist, anti-crony capitalist mentality in the United States as described on page 227 of the book The Routledge Companion to Social and Political Philosophy. It was created by an American libertarian named Samuel Edward Konkin III and according to him, the goal of Agorism is agora, which is "The society of the open marketplace as near to untainted by theft, assault, and fraud as can be humanly attained is as close to a free society as can be achieved. And a free society is the only one in which each and every one of us can satisfy his or her subjective values without crushing others' values by violence and coercion.".
Anarchosyndicalism and the conflict with communism...
When I was writing about the Neozapatistas - a group of anarchists living in Mexico fighting drug cartels for a free libertarian society - there were some people who referred to the society as 'communist'. This made me laugh my butt off and realize how much communism is used to insult people to the point where it nearly loses all meaning. For one, the Neozapatismo are not communist - they subscribe to an ideology that actually has a long history of opposing communists and fascists, and statists called anarcho-syndicalism.What is anarcho-syndicalism? It is an anarchist ideology that has a society run by a series of trade unions. The name comes from the french word syndicalisme, which basically means “trade unionism”. Each trade union would be a local syndicat, a free association of self-governing “producers.”
An Introduction To The Republic of Cospaia - The Longest Lasting Anarchist Republic
I have talked about different forms of anarchism that have lasted for multiple generations, but I have yet to put down an anarchist society with a nightwatchman state and a lack of a monopoly on violence that has existed for longer than a century. For most people, the concept of an anarchist society lasting longer than a century - longer than one hundred years total, or five generations if you go by the definition of the US Census for what a generation is - seem to be impossible. And even for most people who have read about the generational anarchist societies I have been writing about, it would still seem like a task that is possible, but also something that has yet to be seen in practice. However, such an anarchist community was able to exist years ago & this particular anarchist nation was around during a time period when creating a functioning libertarian community would be seen by most as impossible, especially when there are powerful feudal kingdoms and an all-consuming theocracy surrounding most of the known world in a fog of authoritarianism.
Essenes Customs: The Rituals of Ancient Anarchist Jews
Earlier, I wrote about an ancient sect of Jews who lived an anarchist/libertarian lifestyle known as the Essene. They were around from the 2nd century BCE and were dissolved in the 1st century CE. However, I should have mentioned more of their customs and what particularly they did as a people. So, this article will talk about some of the customs that made them unique compared to other sects of Judaism.
An Introduction to the Essenes - The Ancient Anarchist Jews
October 5th was Yom Kippur, a holiday observed by Jewish people and recognized as a state holiday in the state of Texas. In honor of that holiday, I am going to be talking about a part of Jewish history that - like a bunch of parts of history related to ancient anarchism, libertarianism, and various other parts of human history related to freedom - gets often ignored to talk about controlling kings and statists of history. I am going to be talking about a group of ancient religious Jewish anarchists known as the Essenes sect of Judaism.
Aymaran Traditional, VPS, and Anarchist Policing in FEJUVE
I have previously written about FEJUVE: a mutualist anarchist society that allows people to live in a community without a monopoly on violence & have a direct say in their community while still enjoying the luxury of owning local businesses & property they occupy/use. I also talked about the problem with policing under statism: that police are given certain powers that can put them and their friends/immediate family above the law without offering any greater protection for their community. Now, people are probably wondering how police would operate in a society without a strong vertical hierarchy or monopoly on violence. To explain any of this, we first need to look at the Aymara: a native group that exists in Bolivia.
Opinion: North Korea - An Extreme Case of Modern Feudalism
One of the things that should not make a return is feudalism: a system that was based on the holding of lands in fief or fee and on the resulting relations between lord and vassal. As someone focused on writing about libertarianism, my opinion on feudalism and absolute monarchies are obviously negative and one of the things I like about Game of Thrones is that for most of its run, it showed the horrors people had to go through living under the feudal system. However, one example of why feudalism should never make a comeback is starring at us from across the Pacific Ocean: a little hermit kingdom that is known as North Korea.
Opinion: The Problem With Statist Policing
The thing people seem to forget is that anarchists do not hate police... as a concept. Here when I say police, I mean the dictionary definition: an organized civil force for dealing with crime and regulating the community. The problem becomes, under states, with a monopoly on violence, there are various problems with policing:
Antischism: Anarcho-punk Band of South Carolina
Here we have another anarcho-punk band that made the rounds spreading a message of liberation through their music and vocals. This particular band is mentioned in the book One Less Car: Bicycling and the Politics of Automobility by Zack Furness published by Temple University Press: a university press for peer-reviewed books part of Temple University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Here, Zack provides information on this little-known band and their short but interesting history of spreading their music across the United States. Hopefully, this article will also hope to give this band a little more exposure for those who are interested in anarcho-punk music.
Anarchists Vs. Dictatorship: FEJUVE and Bolivian Dictatorships
I previously wrote about a mutualist anarchist community of over 600 neighborhood councils called FEJUVE - which is short for Federation of Neighborhood Councils-El Alto. This anarchist community, as I previously stated, is still around in Bolivia to this day and has survived over two generations, lasting 43 years since this article was written. On top of that, the population of the society is about 114,000 people. For context, that population is around the same size as the Federated States of Micronesia, so you pretty much have a small libertarian nation within Bolivia with a large population living in harmony without needing a monopoly on violence to keep things in line. All of this makes FEJUVE one of the idea anarchist mass societies that I am proud to write about as a form of generational anarchism.
FEJUVE: An Anarchist Community In Bolivia Still Going Strong!
There is an anarchist community that got started back in 1979 and pretty much recreated a night watchman state that allows people to live a free life under a participatory democracy. This community is in El Alto, Bolivia and it is known as the Federation of Neighborhood Councils-El Alto or FEJUVE for short. That is right - this is a libertarian community that has been running for two generations and three years & it is still going strong! It is not some small community either of a few hundred or a few thousand people living together in some kind of small neighborhood. As of 2008, over one hundred fourteen thousand people were living in FEJUVE in a great participatory democracy: a democracy based on individual participation by citizens in political decisions and policies that affect their lives, especially directly rather than through elected representatives. There are three official languages that are spoken in FEJUVE: Spanish, Aymara, and Quechua. The latter two languages are spoken by the indigenous Aymara and Quechua people who helped to join with the local community and radical miners to help this community back in the early 1980s.
Opinion: Why I Write About Generational Anarchism
At this point with my writings for NewsBreak, most people following me probably know that I spend time writing about practical anarchism. I write about dispelling the myth that anarchists all want no government whatsoever; since many anarchists & libertarians simply want a nightwatchman state - a government that exists to protect people's rights but does not have a monopoly on violence that can allow it to be turned into a tool against the very people the government is supposed to defend. I have also written about mutualism: a form of government with a blueprint for how people can own property and handle finances as well as their state of living without needing an overbearing hierarchical state. On top of all this, I want to point out why I spend so much time talking about anarchist & libertarian communities that existed longer than a generation and why I point out how many generations each of these communities have lasted.
Opinion: Voluntaryism - Voluntary Cooperation Without Force
I remember getting a comment from someone saying anarchism and cooperation are somehow oxymorons, that you cannot have anarchy and cooperation simultaneously. This shows me that some people have not been reading my stories and realizing that this sentiment is wrong: anarchism and libertarianism are voluntary cooperation that goes into cooperation solely by force. I have been writing about the Wild West (a community based on nightwatchman state-style governance without a monopoly on voice), The Farm (a hippie community in Virginia based on a combination of Christian anarchist and Buddhist anarchist values), and the Zapatista anarchist army. All of these groups cooperate and coordinate voluntarily, only resorting to violence to defend individual freedoms and communities from those who just wish to cause trouble and nothing more. T.
Henry David Thoreau and American Anarcho-Pacifism
Henry David ThoreauB. D. Maxham - National Portrait Gallery, Public Domain. So far, I have talked about forms of anarchism where the participants - while not advocating for unjustified violence - are willing to use violence as a tool of community defense or self-defense. However, in many parts of America, there were anarchist thinkers that subscribed to an anarchist ideology known as anarcho-pacifism. In the book Anarchism: A History of Libertarian Ideas and Movements by George Woodcock, anarcho-pacifism is a school of anarchist thought that advocates for the use of peaceful, non-violent forms of protest and resistance in the fight for social change and resistance to overbearing state authority.
Zapatista: The Formation of An Anarchist Army In North America
A researcher named Nick Henck from Raleigh, North Carolina wrote about a group of people living in Mexico following an ideology called Neozapatismo. Neozapatismo is an ideology that combines social anarchism (a specific branch of anarchism that view individual freedom as interrelated with mutual aid) with Mayan tradition. This form of anarchism is actively being practiced by a group of people in Mexico living in the Chiapas region and has something interesting that many statists seem to believe is literally impossible: an army that defends the common people while still following anarchist principles and not becoming an all-consuming monopoly on violence.