Many languages are in danger of extinction, as evidenced by Australian research. As many as 1,500 of the world's recognized languages might be extinct by the end of this century. Without intervention, language loss might increase within 40 years, with at least one language loss every month, according to the researchers.
The influence of the Increasing infrastructure
It was published in the online journal Nature Ecology and Evolution, coordinated by the Australian National University (ANU). According to co-author Lindell Bromham, the report of almost 6,500 languages revealed several unexpected reasons for language endangerment. In addition, there is a well-developed transportation system. As more roads link rural and urban regions, we discovered that languages are more at risk of extinction. We found this to be true. To put it another way, it's like though roadways ease dominant languages in smothering less common ones.
However, "contrary to common opinion," the problem is not a lack of interaction with other local languages. Indigenous languages in close touch with other native tongues face a lower danger of disappearing altogether.
This does not mean, however, that the preservation of old and rare languages should not need the expansion of infrastructure. Curricula should be changed and bilingual education should be backed by specialists, not the other way around. Teaching and using regionally dominant and indigenous languages is essential.
The Sleeping languages
Australia, in particular, learns from the study's findings when it comes to dealing with its own indigenous people. According to co-author Felicity Meakins, the country has "the poor reputation of having one of the greatest rates of language loss in the world." Of the original 250 languages spoken by the indigenous population, only 40 are still spoken today.
It is true that we lose so much of our human cultural richness when a language is no longer spoken or is considered to be "sleeping," as the term goes. In its own unique way, each language is remarkable.
A Decade of Indigenous Languages
According to the expert, several of the languages predicted to go extinct by the end of this century are still in use today. In other words, there is still a chance to invest in helping indigenous language revitalization and preservation efforts.
In addition, with the establishment of the UNESCO Decade of Indigenous Languages from 2022 to 2032, the United Nations has said that it is committed to discussing the problem of falling language populations worldwide. Making it easier for minorities to keep their original tongues is also part of this effort.