Seminars, articles and books on the effect of Covid-19 on global politics have started appearing in abundance only last year. Till then, however much things were uncertain about this epidemic, then there should be a holiday to examine its effect on the global setting! World politics is a very complex structure and at the same time it has many dynamic components. Now is an opportune time to understand its structural and functional implications to an extent. Global order and global configuration approach.
Global order and global configuration approach
In the discipline of international relations, the World System Approach and the World Order method are used to explain the relations between countries at different times. Classifying countries on the basis of their behavior and ability at a particular period is a global order approach, such as calling the world a bipolar system at the height of the Cold War—in which countries of the world were affiliated with either the American faction or the Soviet faction. Like, even before Covid-19, the world was slowly moving towards multipolarity. The global configuration shows how the countries of the world are in the power structure at a particular time, how they are in discharging their mutual relations. In the context of Covid-19, we have to see whether this pandemic has changed the per-established global configuration and the global order in its wide impact or has a decisive effect on it?
No such radical change
It is now clear that there is not going to be any radical change in world politics which is completely new. Some trends which were already existing in world politics have emerged. Some of the vulnerabilities of the global order were already noticed, they are now manifested with greater impact. A country that was very powerful suddenly became weak; A moderate nation has suddenly joined the ranks of powerful nations – this has not happened even after the arrival of Covid-19. It is necessary that after the arrival of this disaster, some new methods have been adopted in world-politics and there seems to be a consensus on some global understanding. At the same time, some effects are quite obvious which cannot be denied.
Impact on economy
The most severe impact Covid-19 has had on the world economy. Even just before Covid-19, almost all the major economies of the world were not in a very encouraging position and economic protectionism was gradually taking its place in all the major economies, starting with the US. Covid-19 anyway closed the border and all the countries started busy with their national priorities. Earlier, where the trend of de-globalization was making a place in the world, the pandemic made it inevitable. But in normal days, the policy of economic protectionism can provide nourishment to the national economy, but in times of disaster, it worsened the situation of poverty, inequality and unemployment even more. The way Covid-19 has exposed the infrastructure of developed countries, questions have also been raised on their economic and diplomatic credentials. It is noteworthy that the preamble of many diplomatic relations rests on economic initiatives.
The rise of a fiery China but a headless world
It was clear that China's economic-strategic preparation was to become a major global power. Whether it is the US-China trade war, whether it is its Obor policy or it has been growing close to countries like Russia, North-Korea, Pakistan, Iran, Turkey etc., and then its activity, economic investment and Diplomatic initiatives were also pointing in this direction. The world saw China getting entangled with Covid-19 but did not see it faltering or falling. Soon after recovering, China suddenly became very aggressive. Border disputes with India, deteriorating relations with the European Union, conflicts with the US, further tightening in Hong Kong, even some squabbles with Russia. As if before the time, China has understood that it is the main power of the world. There has been some softening in China's aggressive stance now. America is the world's foremost power even in the era of Covid-19, otherwise the global configuration would have been deteriorating relative to China. But in this time of disaster, America could not lead and China's global stance did not show the same.