Evelyn Mosley-Busby was showed a listing of the Rosenwald Schools, in Smith County, Texas, which had around 17 schools built with Rosenwald funds from 1921 to 1931, founded by Julius Rosenwald, who made it possible for Black children to receive an education.
L to R: Dee Pendleton - volunteer coordinator of the Texas African American Museum, Evelyn Mosley-Busby - museum visitor and Gloria Mays Washington - executive director of the Texas African American Museum.
Smith County Rosenwald Schools:
1. Antioch: 1929 -1930, included 3 teaches.
2. Arp: 1929 - 1930, included 2 teaches.
3. Black Fork: 1921 - 1922, included 2 teaches.
4. Bullard (Stanton): 1923 - 1924, included 3 teaches.
5. Center: 1939 - 1940, included 2 teaches.
6. Clayton: 1927 - 1931, included 2 teaches.
7. Douglass: 1927 - 1928, included 3 teaches.
8. Jackson (Chapel Hill): 1926 - 1927, included 4 teaches, a three room shop and a library.
9. Jamestown: 1921 - 1922, included 2 teaches.
10. Langly: 1928 - 1929, included 2 teaches.
11. Midway: 1924 - 1925, included 4 teaches.
12. Mt. Zion: 1929 - 1930, included 4 teaches.
13. Rabbit: 1923 - 1924, included 2 teaches.
14. Troup: 1927 - 1928, included 3 teaches.
*15. Waters Bluff: 1924 - 1925, included 2 teaches.
16. Whitehouse: 1923 - 1924, included 3 teaches.
and 17. Winona: 1923 - 1924, included 2 teaches.
*Indicates the building is still standing.
Come and learn about the history at the Texas African American Museum - 309 W. Martin Luther King, Jr, Blvd., Tyler, Texas.
Tour our grounds, visit our shop, and leave a reflection on our wall.
Thursday 10:00 a.m. - 2:00 p.m.
Friday 10:00 a.m. - 2:00 p.m.
Saturday 10:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.
Rosenwald Schools in Texas
In 1917, Julius Rosenwald, president of Sears, Roebuck and Co. of Chicago, established the Julius Rosenwald Fund to support the construction of schools for African American children in the southern United States.
Between 1920 and 1932, the program donated more than $28 million in fifteen states, and resulted in 534 funded buildings on approximately 475 school campuses in Texas.
Rosenwald Schools represent an important chapter in Texas history, reflecting the initiative of African American communities which sought educational opportunities for their children during the Jim Crow Era, when all public schools in Texas were segregated by law.
With financial assistance from the Rosenwald Fund, these communities built modern school facilities, many of which continued to operate as schools into the 1960s.
Most Rosenwald buildings were built of wood following standardized plans, and many were demolished after they ceased serving as schools, while a few were converted to churches or community centers. Some communities built teacherages (teacher’s homes) and related buildings with Rosenwald assistance.