Tour Tyler Texas, more than just Tourism - Clarence Shackelford a publicist and local historian that really, like helping people with historical research. Today's research is taken from the Texas Historical Commission.
Today is Buffalo Soldiers Day, commemorating the 1866 formation of U.S. Army regiments of African American soldiers. As with other parts of American history, the Buffalo Soldiers’ story is complex. These all-Black regiments were the first that allowed African American men to serve in the nation’s army during peacetime, representing a step forward after the Civil War. At the same time, the U.S. was pursuing westward expansion and fighting the Indian Wars against Indigenous Peoples of the Southwest.
A few Buffalo Soldier units, the 9th, and 10th U.S. Cavalry Regiments conducted campaigns against Native American tribes on the western frontier that extended from Montana to Texas. In 1869, the 24th U.S. Infantry Regiment was organized at Fort McKavett with the consolidation of the 38th and 41st U.S. Infantry Regiments.
Also as a result of the U.S. Army’s 1869 Consolidation Act, the 25th U.S. Infantry Regiment served at numerous posts in Texas. The duties assigned to these units ranged from escorting settlers, cattle herds, and railroad crews, to protecting the mail, keeping roads open, and pursuing outlaws.
At the turn of the 20th century, Buffalo Soldiers became some of the first park rangers, patrolling Yosemite and Sequoia national parks before the National Park Service existed. Segregated Buffalo Soldier regiments continued to fight for the country into World War II and the beginning of the Korean War.
Today, the Buffalo Soldier story is interpreted through many public and private programs, notably the Buffalo Soldiers Program- Texas Parks and Wildlife , which emphasizes Texans’ shared western heritage, and the Buffalo Soldiers National Museum in Houston.
Sources: Buffalo Soldiers National Museum, Buffalo Soldiers Program- Texas Parks and Wildlife, https://texastimetravel.com/blog/new-deal-projects, https://www.legendsofamerica.com, https://www.tshaonline.org, https://www.TourTylerTexas.org, and https://www.EmpowermentCDC.org, The Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Collection, LC-USF34-033105-D
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