Surviving a Recession

Terry Mansfield

A recession is a period of economic decline, and many factors can contribute to it. We'll look at what causes a recession and ways to survive one.
Saving pennies in a piggy bank.Photo by maitree rimthong on Pexels


A stock market crash, inflation, or a decrease in consumer spending can cause a recession, which can last for several months or even years. A recession can have a devastating effect on businesses and individuals alike.

You can do several things to survive a recession. As an individual, you can keep your spending under control and save as much money as possible. If you own a business, you can cut costs and increase efficiency. And if you work for the government, you can help to stimulate the economy by investing in infrastructure projects.

With careful planning and a bit of luck, you can weather the storm of a recession and come out stronger than ever.

What is a recession?

An economic recession is a prolonged decline in economic activity across the economy. Several other indicators can also be included, including industrial production, employment, and real income. The recession begins at the economy's peak and ends at its trough. Between these two points, there is a period of declining economic activity.

There are four types of recessions:

1) Demand-side recession: A recession occurs when aggregate demand in the economy cannot support continued growth. There are various reasons for this, including households saving instead of spending, businesses investing less, or consumers becoming increasingly indebted and unable to borrow more money.

2) Supply-side recession: This happens when there is an interruption in the supply of goods or services, often due to an increase in input costs (e.g., oil price shocks). A natural disaster or political unrest can also disrupt production, triggering a recession.

3) Financial crisis recession: A financial crisis can trigger a sharp decrease in aggregate demand as people lose confidence in the economy and banks become reluctant to lend money. A credit crunch and higher unemployment often accompany this type of recession.

4) Mixed recession: A combination of both demand-side and supply-side factors can lead to a mixed recession. For example, a country may experience a demand-side recession due to high levels of household debt while simultaneously experiencing a supply-side shock from an oil price increase.

Causes of recessions

The most common cause of recessions is monetary policy errors by central banks. Other causes include:

  • Financial crises.
  • Asset bubbles.
  • Fiscal policy mistakes.
  • Structural problems (e.g., high levels of inequality ).
  • External shocks (e.g., natural disasters ).

Some combination of these factors typically causes recessions. For example, a central bank tightening monetary policy (i.e., raising interest rates) too much can lead to a fall in aggregate demand and a recession. If this happens simultaneously when another country is experiencing an economic boom, then this can lead to an even sharper decline in aggregate demand (known as an 'external shock').

How to survive a recession

Individuals can survive a recession by tightening their belts and spending less money. They can also look for ways to make extra money, such as through freelance work or part-time jobs. Additionally, they can ensure they have an emergency fund if they lose their job or have unexpected expenses.

Tips for businesses.

Businesses can survive a recession by cutting costs and becoming more efficient. They can also focus on selling essential products or services and offer value for money. Moreover, they can expand their product and service offerings to appeal to a broader audience.

Tips for governments.

Governments can survive a recession by implementing austerity measures to reduce spending and borrowing. They can also encourage businesses and consumers to spend money, which will help stimulate the economy. Additionally, they can provide financial assistance to those affected by the recession.


A recession is a difficult time for everyone, but there are ways to survive it. For individuals, it is vital to cut back on spending and save as much money as possible. Businesses must focus on essential expenses and reduce non-essential ones. And for governments, it is a priority to provide financial assistance to those who need it the most. By following these tips, we can weather the storm of a recession.


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