Breast cancer or breast cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the breast tissue and occurs due to the abnormal growth of abnormal cells in the breast. The earlier the disease is diagnosed and treated, the easier it will be to treat and the more successful it will be.
Being a woman is the most important risk factor for breast cancer. Although men also get this cancer, women are more than 100 times more likely to get it.
Unfortunately, the spread of the disease is so high that one in three women with cancer has breast cancer. It is the second leading cause of death in women after lung cancer. The most important factor that reduces the chance of death is increasing awareness about this disease. Because the sooner the disease is diagnosed, the better the treatment process.
Breast tumors There are two groups of benign tumors and malignant tumors. In both types there is a rapid growth of cells. Of course, there are other tumors called interstitial tumors that are initially benign and then turn into malignant tumors.
In benign tumors, the process of cell proliferation stops at a certain stage, but in malignant tumors, the process of reproduction continues uninterrupted and is not controllable, eventually turning into breast cancer, which if left untreated, spreads to other parts of the body. It disrupts their function and can eventually lead to death by involving vital organs.
The time of diagnosis in this type of cancer is also very effective in the healing process. So that the more this type of cancer is diagnosed in the more early stage, ie grade 1 and 2, the more it will be possible for the person to retain the organ, complete treatment and maintain a normal life expectancy, but the diagnosis in grade 3 and 4 or advanced stage of the disease Only allows breast cancer to be controlled.
Ways to diagnose breast cancer
Early detection and early treatment of breast cancer can reduce the risk of spreading the disease and dying. The first step of the examination should be done from the age of 20 2 to 3 days after the cessation of monthly bleeding or the fifth day of the month.
Causes of breast cancer
A history of family or individual breast cancer
- Premature puberty and early menstruation
- Childbirth over the age of 35 years
- Obesity and high fat diet
- Alcohol and tobacco consumption
- Ionizing radiation
-Menopause over the age of 55
- Taking hormonal drugs during menopause
- Benign breast diseases
- Getting other cancers
Breast cancer symptoms
Occurrence of a mass in the breast
Nipple discharge or bleeding
Breast skin changes
Change breast size
Enlargement of the axillary lymph nodes
A mole on the chest
Prolonged coughing, frequent coughing, and hoarseness
Inability to control the bladder
Sudden onset of low back pain
Treatment of breast cancer
The outcome of breast cancer treatment varies according to the severity of the disease. If the disease is diagnosed in the early stages, the percentage of recovery and treatment of this disease will usually increase.
Breast cancer surgery
After the diagnosis of breast cancer in the early stages of treatment, surgery is performed with breast preservation, although in some cases, complete breast resection is performed to prevent the spread of cancer cells. Also, in people who are genetically predisposed to breast cancer, a complete breast resection is performed to prevent the spread of cancer.
Other treatments include radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Depending on the patient's condition, the severity, and the progression of the disease, the doctor will decide which method is more appropriate.
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