Abortion Laws Around the World

Shaheer Malik

There are a variety of different abortion laws around the world. Listed below are some of the most extreme, as well as the most compassionate. Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Andorra have the highest percentages of women being able to access abortion. Whether you're considering an abortion for medical or social reasons, consider the following countries before you make the decision. These countries may surprise you. Read on to learn more about their abortion laws!

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Shaheer Malik

Honduras

Among the most restrictive abortion laws in the world, Honduras's require three-quarters of the parliament to pass. But that's not the end of the argument. A measure to reform the Honduran constitution would block future efforts to repeal or modify the current law. The country's conservative majority has argued that the law is an unnecessary shield against abortion. Despite this, many Hondurans support it.

According to a 2018 study, a high number of girls aged 10 to 19 give birth to unwanted children each year. While not all of these pregnancies are unwanted, girls are particularly vulnerable to unintended pregnancy. Their lives may be jeopardized by societal pressure to get married before they're ready, and their education on safe abortion methods is limited. As a result, some girls resort to clandestine abortions, placing themselves and their lives at risk.

El Salvador

The law prohibits abortions under certain conditions, including late-term pregnancy, induced labor, and fetal dismemberment. In El Salvador, a doctor's report triggers a large proportion of prosecutions, yet no private practice physician reported a single abortion. Ultimately, the law makes the choice between an abortion and life difficult for many Salvadorans. In contrast, doctors in countries with more liberal abortion laws have more freedom to perform abortions.

Despite the fact that the law was passed in 1988, the country hasn't enacted a repeal. Instead, the law is similar to those of many Latin American countries. The restrictions are based on physical or sexual danger, age of the pregnant woman, or medical reasons. The debate around the ban escalated in 2015, after the rapid spread of the Zika virus, a mosquito-borne illness believed to cause birth defects. El Salvador's government initially recommended that women delay pregnancy to avoid the risk of contracting the disease, but the recommendations were largely ineffective and religiously inaccessible.

Nicaragua

The Code penal of Nicaragua allows "avortements therapeutiques" without defining these legal reasons. The legal reasons for abortion in Nicaragua can include saving a mother's life, protecting a woman's health, or even malformation of the fetus. This article will explore the legal framework, case studies, and confidential maternal deces to shed more light on the ambiguous practice of abortion in Nicaragua.

The ban in Nicaragua came after the president of Nicaragua publicly declared himself a Catholic in 2006, which critics saw as an attempt by the president to appeal to conservative religious voters. But Ortega was a staunch advocate of the law and won the presidential election in 2007.

Andorra

Ireland, the most religious nation in Europe, has liberalised its abortion laws in a referendum on Friday. While most other European countries ban abortion, some allow it under very specific circumstances. In addition to Malta, San Marino, Liechtenstein, and Poland, Andorra also prohibits abortion. And while these countries don't have a ban on abortion, they still have incredibly strict abortion laws.

But the European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen recently said that strong women's rights are an asset to the continent, and that backsliding is not an option. Yet the reality is that EU member states have wildly different laws on abortion, ranging from a total ban to legal restrictions and a woman's right to choose. Andorra is one of the few European countries to have stricter laws than Poland.

San Marino

The country of San Marino has long lagged behind other European countries when it comes to women's rights. In 1982, the country held a referendum on abortion rights, with the main objective of scrapping a law that denied citizenship to married foreigners. However, this measure was subsequently revoked by the parliament. In addition, women were only given the right to vote in the 1960s, and in 1986, divorce became legal. But the most recent attempt to legalize abortion ended in a referendum in 2012. The petition for the referendum received more than 3,000 signatures - far more than the number of valid signatures required.

The referendum result came after several years of political campaigning by pro-abortion activists. The campaign was extremely controversial in San Marino. Although Italy's abortion laws were legalized in 1978, San Marino's abortion laws remained in place. Proponents argued that the ban put undue financial burdens on women and penalised women who were sexually exploited. However, the referendum resulted in a vote in favour of legalising abortion in San Marino.

Tunisia

The Tunisian government has been criticized for its strict abortion laws, despite the fact that women have been able to access safe medical procedures in the country for decades. In 2004, for example, there was a shortage of the subsidized birth control pill in pharmacies, fueling speculation that the government was considering new restrictions to restrict abortion. Despite these concerns, there are now 24 family planning centers in Tunisia, with five of those offering surgical abortions.

The Tunisian government legalized abortion in 1973, and late President Habib Bourgiba pushed for family planning centers in every region. Despite these efforts, women's rights advocates are now complaining that contraception is scarce. Officials blame the shortage on substandard stock, while pharmacists blame the state pharmaceutical company that is heavily in debt. However, abortion remains taboo. And even though Tunisia has liberalized its abortion laws, some women worry that the government's government is repressing their reproductive rights.

Before 2011, women in Tunisia were refused abortion care on three main grounds: gestational age, medical contraindications, and logistical barriers. Furthermore, women who had reached the second trimester were not assessed or referred to a physician for an abortion, and those with chronic medical conditions were often refused an abortion on request. Fortunately, the legislation changed all that in 2011.

The reason why Tunisia became the first Muslim country to allow women to obtain abortions is complicated. Islam is deeply rooted in the Tunisian culture, and it has a history of oppression of women. The Tunisian revolution began as an economic protest against Ben Ali, and led to the legalization of the Islamist party Ennahdha. Ennahdha won the first democratic elections in October 2011 and remained in power until early 2014. The party's majority in the Constituent Assembly allowed it to question women's rights and criticized women's bodies, and one of its deputy's explicitly contested the right to abortion in 2013.

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Hi, I am Shaheer Malik, I am a writer, designer and an entrepreneur. I dig my graduation in Business and Information technology from University of Punjab Lahore and served various organizations like Synavos, Esketchers, Voltro, Alchemative & Unlayer.

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