Katharine Hepburn, Classic Hollywood's Best Actress

Roxana Anton

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Katharine Hepburn (born May 12, 1907, Connecticut, USA) was an American actress of theater, television, voice, and film, winner of four Oscars, a record not yet surpassed by any actress or other actor. (Wikipedia)

Hepburn is generally regarded as one of the great figures in the history of film.

She was described as "the best celebrity of classic Hollywood cinema", by the American Film Institute. (source: Wikipedia)

The American Film Institute ranked her first in a list of the greatest film actresses of the twentieth century.

Known for her independence and fierce personality, Hepburn has positioned herself as a leader in the Hollywood industry for over 60 years.

Born in Hartford, Connecticut, into a wealthy family, Katharine embraced the acting career while she was still in college.

After 4 years in the theater, the favorable reviews of her plays on Broadway brought her to the attention of Hollywood.

The early years in the film industry were marked by success, including an Oscar for Best Actress for the film Morning Glory (1933), followed by a series of commercial failures, such as the film Bringing Up Baby, where she starred along with Cary Grant. (source: Wikipedia)

Hepburn returned in force by buying a contract with RKO Radio Pictures and acquiring the rights to The Philadephia Story, which he sold on the condition that she would be the lead star.

Playing alongside Cary Grant and James Stewart, the film achieved substantial box office success, placing the actress in a third Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actress.

Bringing Up Baby and The Philadelphia Story are considered to be some of the best comedies of all time.

Much later in Katharine Hepburn's career, in the late 1960s and then in the early 1980s, three other defining Oscars followed (for those who had forgotten or "buried" her), for her performances in the films Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967), where she starred opposite Spencer Tracy and Sidney Poitier, for The Lion in Winter (1968) and On Golden Pond (1981) with Henry Fonda and Jane Fonda.

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In the 1970s, she began appearing in television films, becoming the focus of her later career.

She remained active in the industry even in her old age, making her final appearance on screen in 1994, at the age of 87.

After a period of inactivity and poor health, Hepburn died in 2003, at the age of 96. (source: Wikipedia)

Legacy

Hepburn refused to live up to society's expectations of women.

She always said what she thought and having an athletic personality, she wore pants before being fashionable, inspiring women to follow in her footsteps.

With an unconventional lifestyle and the independent characters she portrayed on the big screen, Hepburn inspired the "modern woman" of the United States in the twentieth century and is remembered as an important cultural figure. (source: Wikipedia)

Shakespearean actress

She was noted for her acting talent, beauty, and impeccable diction, with clear influences from New England and British English, being categorized since the beginning of her theatrical career as a Shakespearean actress.

Hepburn remains the only actress to have won four Oscars in her lifetime.

To that add the Golden Globe, Emmy, or César awards.

She has been nominated twelve times for the American Academy Award.

Selective filmography

Morning Glory (1933)

Little Women (1933)

Alice Adams (1935)

Stage Door (1937)

Bringing Up Baby (1938)

Holiday 1938)

The Philadelphia Story (1940)

Woman of the Year (1942

Adam's Rib (1949)

The African Queen (1951)

Pat and Mike (1952)

Summertime (1955)

The Rainmaker (1956)

Desk Set (1957)

Suddenly, Last Summer (1959)

Long Day's Journey Into the Night (1962)

Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967)

The Lion in Winter (1968)

Love Among the Ruins (1975)

On Golden Pond (1981)

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