More Discoveries about Romania: Hiking, Traditional Buildings, Art, Scientists

Roxana Anton

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Picture Source: Romania Landscapes Pixabay

Romania is a splendid European country with breath-taking landscapes and a lot of natural resources. Its people are wonderful and very welcoming.
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Photo source: pixabay.

Get to know better Romania, the Eastern European country more beautiful and surprising than you think.

The technique of indestructible constructions, made of stone and wood, still survives today in the Maramureş area (an area known especially for preserving the fundamental features of the Romanians) and in some villages located in the subcarpathian hills.

The wooden churches in Maramureş (Ieud) are unique in Europe, by their slender architecture, by the way of construction and joining of structures without using any metal nails, they were also called wooden cathedrals.

With such a millennial tradition, it is explicable why it was possible for a Romanian, Constantin Brâncuşi, to revolutionize universal sculpture.

The same symbolism, the return to the essence, with roots in the immemorial times of this people can be deciphered in the famous sculptures The Table of Silence, The Kissing Gate, and the Infinite Column of Brâncuşi, sculptures located in the city of Târgu Jiu in Romania. "

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Source: Constantin Brancusi, Sleeping Child Head, Pixabay

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Constantin Brancusi, father of Modern Sculpture World-Wide (Pixabay)

One of the profound features of the Romanian mentality is the way of reflecting the relationship of the Divinity in paintings and frescoes from churches and monasteries spread throughout the country.

Among the most beautiful and famous churches in the country are those built by Prince Stephen the Great and Saint, who, after each war of defense won, as a sign of gratitude for the victory, erected a monastery.

The blue color of the Voroneţ monastery, composed according to traditional recipes, amazes the whole world, due to its resistance to environmental factors (it is indestructible). Today the secret of color preparation has not been deciphered!

The monasteries, which became places of pilgrimage for people from all over the world, were centers of national spirituality, around which immortal legends and myths were created (see The Legend of Master Manole - the legendary builder of the monastery at Curtea de Argeş, - who develops the idea of ​​sacrifice as a mandatory step in making a masterpiece). "

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Source: Voronet Monastery, Romania (Pixabay)

A Gaze into Science

Physics has played a decisive role in man's offensive to know the world he was surrounded by.

In this field, too, many Romanian creators have made essential contributions.

Thus, the establishment of universal constants as accurate as possible is essential through the consequences that arise in practical life, from the application of classical formulas.

In this sense, Constantin Miculescu (1863 - 1937) invented in 1891 a calorimeter and used an original method to determine the mechanical equivalent of the calorie, 4.1857 J / cal. The determinations made by other great physicists of the world, such as J. M. Joule (1819 1889), E. M. Lenz (1804 1865), and J. A. d Arsonval (1851 1940) showed deviations of approx. 20% of the exact value established only in 1950, when the International Committee on Measures and Weights adopted the final value. The value of the mechanical equivalent of the calorie set by Constantin Miculescu at 4.1857 J / cal in 1891 changed only to the fourth decimal, respectively it became 4.1855 J / cal. A model of the calorimeter used by the inventor, made by academician Matei Marinescu, can be found in the National Technical Museum in Bucharest. (Source: ceicunoi blog)

Another physicist, Dragomir Hurmuzescu (1865 - 1954) dealt with finding the universal constant representing the ratio between the electromagnetic and electrostatic unit of the electrodynamic constant, elaborating a doctoral thesis under the guidance of the famous French physicist Gabriel Lippman (1845 - 1921), Nobel laureate in 1908. Later, Dragomir Hurmuzescu together with the French physicist J. Benoist, discovered the property of X-rays to discharge electrified bodies. He also invented an electrically insulating material - dielectrine (a mixture of sulfur and paraffin in certain proportions) and the Hurmuzescu electroscope, used by Pierre and Marie Curie to discover Radio. A model of the electroscope is in the National Technical Museum in Bucharest. Dragomir Hurmuzescu is also the father of Romanian radio, on November 1, 1928, being inaugurated the permanent radio transmission. The first Marconi radio station used in Bucharest (Băneasa) is located at the National Technical Museum in Bucharest. (Source: ceicunoi blog)

The structure of the atom has been a concern of scientists since antiquity. When the atomic model was finalized, another problem arose, the calculation of the magnetic moment of the electron. Ştefan Procopiu (1890 - 1972), starting from the quantum theory, calculated in 1912, the magnetic moment of the electron, thus discovering the magnet. Later, in 1915 independently, N. Bohr also discovered it. Procopius also established that the magnetic moment of the globe began to increase in 1932, after decreasing for 120 years. (Source: ceicunoi blog)

Having the same preoccupations, Alexandru Proca (1897 - 1955) established the equations of the mesonic field, also called Proca equations. Independent of him, the Japanese H. Yukawa, predicted the existence of inns and established and established the Proca spin equations. Proca also questioned the granular structure of space and time, he made contributions. (Source: ceicunoi blog)

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