Marketing and Gender Have a Love-Hate Relationship

Paul Myers MBA

An image-led article to illustrate past gender-biased adverts

https://img.particlenews.com/image.php?url=13gM9n_0Z8070sz00

Image by Museums Victoria on Unsplash

ender stereotypes have been ever-present in marketing adverts since the dawn of time. The fact is, “harmful gender stereotypes” restrict “choices, aspirations, and opportunities of children, young people, and adults.” (ASA)

Stereotypes, reinforced in advertising, play a role in unequal outcomes, unfairly influencing gender dimensions.

Our evidence shows how harmful gender stereotypes in ads can contribute to inequality in society, with costs for all of us. Put simply, we found that some portrayals in ads can, over time, play a part in limiting people’s potential. — Guy Parker, ASA Chief Executive

Gender roles are one of the earliest ways that people define themselves, particularly during childhood development.

This raises two interesting questions:

  1. Does society define one’s gender role?
  2. Does marketing define society?

If so, to what extent? And, in what context?

This article has no opinion, but rather illustrates historical adverts of the past for a contemporary audience to reflect.

Washing powder

I think there’s a time warp here.

https://img.particlenews.com/image.php?url=0vFGjK_0Z8070sz00

Image source — Fairbank & Co.

Grooming for Women campaign

Gilette proposed a “MiLady” product to solve an “embarrassing" personal problem.

https://img.particlenews.com/image.php?url=1ut6kV_0Z8070sz00

Image source — Gilette

… who’s embarrassed now Gilette?

Christmas gifts campaign aimed at Women

Look “carefully” … “circle the products you want.”

Hang-on ...

https://img.particlenews.com/image.php?url=0f7gMz_0Z8070sz00

Image source — Dormeyer

What happens if you don’t do this?

Male stereotype — A new years campaign

Slurp, a Guinness advert.

https://img.particlenews.com/image.php?url=1rOAWk_0Z8070sz00

Image source — Guinness

Hmm!

Ehhh … Your guess is as good as mine about this advert

The pink and blue aprons are … enough said.

https://img.particlenews.com/image.php?url=4ZZSZk_0Z8070sz00

Image source — Congoleum Rug

The carpet (Rug) is horrific by the way!

Not so uplifting from the airline industry

No wonder TWA went bust with Ads like this.

https://img.particlenews.com/image.php?url=1oAN77_0Z8070sz00

Image source — TWA

What does this even mean?

The Smith-Corona typewriter

I think the lady is demonstrating how to load paper to her assistant.

https://img.particlenews.com/image.php?url=2umOJM_0Z8070sz00

Image source — Smith Corona

Wait, it looks like there are instructions … I’m afraid to read ‘em.

Female underwear

Said who?

https://img.particlenews.com/image.php?url=0AcxkW_0Z8070sz00

Image source — by Warner

Again … I’m speechless.

A car for men

Or is it boys?

A “young mobile from Oldsmobile” says it all. Do “young” Oldsmobilers even need a license.

https://img.particlenews.com/image.php?url=49oLAm_0Z8070sz00

Image source — by General Motors

Who cares … look at the environmental consideration in this 5-liter gas-guzzling car advert:

  • Tornado, and
  • Green

What a mismatch.

Smoke your way from … to …

Wait … the connection in this ad is ... am I missing something?

https://img.particlenews.com/image.php?url=10PfHT_0Z8070sz00

Image source — by Virginia Slims

Do you see the word suffragette?

What does this mean?

The world’s first Cologne for … just read the advert.

https://img.particlenews.com/image.php?url=4Ycw01_0Z8070sz00

Image source — by REO

Anyone ever heard of Reo?

Allow me to introduce Bob

I have a question for Bob — what happened to my data?

https://img.particlenews.com/image.php?url=4aEVEc_0Z8070sz00

Image source — by Gay Bob

Oh wait, Bob’s PO Box is shown above. Maybe I'll write to them.

What a (not so) TERRIFIC example

This shampoo comes with an added benefit.

https://img.particlenews.com/image.php?url=0LFe3X_0Z8070sz00

Image source — by Terrific Smells

You get your very own stalker.

Video source

Final thoughts

What do you think?

For generations, society expected males to pursue agentic goals (power to control their goals, actions, and destiny) while encouraging females to pursue communal goals.

The examples above clearly, or embarrassingly rather, differentiated gender to influence self-concept.

Self-concept is our perception of self— An evolving dynamic that forms at an early age — Who we are, or who do we identify as.

Consumer behaviour in marketing is deeply rooted in 3 dimensions:

  1. Sociology
  2. Psychology, and
  3. Anthropology

Are the reasons why consumers buy certain products or services solely influenced by marketing campaigns?

Cognitive Matching

What about Cognitive Matching?

Marketers use Cognitive Matching to send non-verbal cues to society at large to connect/influence one’s self-concept with a product's attributes.

In politics, If you want anything said, ask a man. If you want anything done, ask a woman. ― Margaret Thatcher

Self-image congruence theory suggests that we choose products that best reflect us — our values, beliefs, attitudes, interests, and associations.

So who are we?

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Innovative Entrepreneurial thinker & Dreamer. I write about Leadership, Startups, Business, & Personal Growth. Connect with me here: https://www.linkedin.com/in/paul-m-ecommerce/

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