And how you can too with these 9 tips
A few years ago I embarked on a Masters degree, an MBA. Soon after I started my first module I was overwhelmed by the amount of content that I not only had to read but digest and understand intimately, in order to critique, academically.
The problem was the sheer volume of content I had to consume.
The solution ... I thought ... maybe I could learn how to speed-read. So I did and got four A’s in my MBA, 3 shown below plus my thesis.
Image: MBA Results by Author.
In this article, I’ll demonstrate the speed-reading techniques I used to devour mountains of content to ace 12 modules (plus six B’s).
Tip #1 — Apply the skills that you already have
Remember you are not starting from scratch. You can apply some basic competencies immediately by using the skills that you already have.
The fact is you already do it. Think about how you read a newspaper or consume articles — you scan, right? You never read a newspaper from front to back, so:
“Use books, don’t let books use you.” — Susan Norman
A year after completing my MBA I completed an Honours Degree in Digital Innovation, securing seven A’s in the process.
Image: BSc. Results by Author.
Action: Think about how you read a newspaper or Medium pieces and apply the same method when reading a book.
Tip #2 — Preview before you begin
Spend 3–5 minutes looking through a book, quickly learning what it’s about before you start reading, such as:
- Open the book and flick between the pages a few times.
- Read the cover, blurb and any testimonials
- Check the date of the publication for relevancy
- Read Content list then title heading and subheadings
- Scan the index for keywords
- Read about the author too
The more precise your purpose the more information you’ll absorb.
Action: Set your brain and subconscious in motion, ready to consume the topic or book genre you’ve chosen — consider this part of your warmup, like an athlete.
Tip #3 — Think about finding information
Don’t just think of reading, rather think about finding information. To do so you have to change your approach, adjusting your mindset from:
How Many Books Can I read?
To something like this:
How much information can I gather in the next hour (from 10 books even)?
If you begin with what you’re going to do with the information you find then you’ll become more productive.
Using these techniques I secured one A and three B’s in a Post-Graduate Certificate in Entrepreneurship and Innovation.
Image: Post-Grad results by Author.
Action: Modify your thinking from the Quantity of books your reading, or about to read, to the Quality of information you’re absorbing.
Tip #4 — Clarify your purpose
Begin with clarity of purpose in mind — knowing why you’re reading a certain book in the first place. That said, don’t confuse purpose with goals, here are some examples:
- Get information for an article
- Learn six ways to invest
Life goal purpose
- How to make $5k or $10k a month online, why not?
- Learn a subject for an exam
Action: Define your purpose from the outset to programme your brain in order to find specific information that you’re looking for.
"If you don’t pay appropriate attention to what has your attention, it will take more of your attention than it deserves." ― David Allen
Tip #5 — Apply the Pareto principle
The 80/20 rule applies to almost everything in life. When you apply it to reading you’ll discover that 80% of the book is contained in 20% of the words that you read.
"Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it deosn’t mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olny iprmoetnt tihng is taht the frist and lsat ltteer be at the rghit pclae. The rset can be a toatl mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit porbelm. Tihs is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef, but the wrod as a wlohe." — Cambridge University, 2008
Know this — you can optimise your time five-fold and get 100% of the information from 20% of your time.
Action: Let go of the perfection ideal, trying to read every word, and accept that you can achieve this in a fifth of your time.
Tip #6— Use your peripheral vision
Peripheral vision is grounded in awareness. Look into space and relax your eyes and notice what you can see from your peripheral vision. Be aware of the objects to your right and you're left without moving your eyes.
Notice what you can make out above and below your line of vision ... What you see lies outside your central field of vision.
Image: Peripheral vision source.
Action: Focus your eyes, your line of vision, on 2, 3 or 4 points on a line your reading and you’ll discover that your peripheral vision takes in everything around those points.
Tip #7 — Hotspot focus
There are lots of words on a page, many of which lead up to the information that your seeking — padding. Storytelling is a great method that writers use to validate or underpin a ‘Hot-spot'. Learn how to do this and your golden.
How to ‘Spot’ a ‘Hot-spot’?
Start with testing your aptitude and refine with practice — Pick up a factual book and highlight words, phrases or paragraphs that reflect the author's message. Recognise the Keywords that relate to the message intent — this is the Hotspot.
Action: Following action’s 1–6 and you’ll learn how to recognise hotspots. With practice, Keywords will stand out as you speed-read.
Tip #8 — Choose and use your eye pattern
There’s an array of eye-patterns that you can learn, adapt and improve over time, these include:
- Super read
- Capital I Shape
- First and last
Personally, I found the "Capital I" method to be the most beneficial, as illustrated below. This method means that you read most of the Top and Bottom of the page, scanning vertically in between.
Image: Example by Author.
Action: Test different speed reading methods and choose the one that works best for you.
Tip #9 — Take a deep breath and smile
Being happy and in a positive frame of mind allows you to take in more information.
Oh, don’t forget to breathe, we all know that oxygen is vital Brain fuel.
Action: That’s easy — Smile and breathe often. You got this.
Today there are lots of speed-reading Apps, but from personal experience, there is no substitute to the physical practice of reading a book ... the technology-free tactile version.
In the end, my results were twelve A’s and six B’s by learning how to read 50 pages in 5 minutes. I read dozens of books, such as Thinking Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman. Not easy books to read, but that was part of the challenge.
When I finished I was surprised about how much information I could not only absorb but recall in just 300 seconds — Every time for every book.
"Celebrate any progress. Don’t wait to get perfect." — Ann McGhee Cooper
Trust me, speed-reading is powerful … give it a try!