Park City, IL

Appeals Court Reverses Conviction of Park City Woman in Son's Death Due to Medical Neglect

Natalie Frank, Ph.D.

Stroud had been charged with involuntary manslaughter of a family member, two counts of child endangerment causing death

An appeals court has reversed the conviction of Jennifer B. Stroud, a 42-year-old woman from Park City, who had been sentenced to eight years for her son's death due to alleged medical neglect. Stroud had been charged with involuntary manslaughter of a family member and two counts of child endangerment causing death.

The case revolved around the tragic story of Jennifer Stroud's son, whose life was marked by significant medical challenges. The young boy had undergone eight open-heart surgeries, endured over 20 medical procedures, and ultimately received a heart transplant. These medical procedures spanned his short life, underscoring the gravity of his health condition.

Throughout the trial, Jennifer Stroud maintained her innocence, asserting that she had been diligent in providing care for her son. She argued that she followed medical advice closely and did everything in her power to ensure her child's well-being. Her defense team highlighted the complexity of her son's medical needs, emphasizing that she had sought professional guidance and diligently administered his medications.

Jennifer Stroud asserted that Jason's experienced total rejection due to coronary artery disease following the discovery of unusual genes in the donor heart he had received. In 2015, the family changed hospitals and was expected to maintain regular appointments at Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago. However, the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services became aware of the situation when the family missed numerous medical appointments spanning from December 2015 to August 2016. Jason was admitted to the hospital in August 2016 and, at the age of 11, passed away in September 2016.

Jennifer Stroud found herself facing criminal charges after her son died. Authorities alleged that she failed to provide proper medical care for her child, resulting in his untimely death. The prosecution argued that despite the complexity of the medical situation, Stroud had a duty as a parent to ensure her son received the necessary care and attention.

Following the arrest of Jennifer Stroud and her husband, David Stroud, prosecutors asserted that the young boy's body started rejecting the donor heart due to the parents' failure to administer the necessary daily medication.

Pharmacist Scott Waggoner, serving as a witness, emphasized the critical importance of heart transplant patients consistently taking two medications twice daily to combat organ rejection, as reported by the Chicago Tribune.

“If you miss two or three doses a week — or even one a week — you’re starting to play with fire,” Waggner said.

During the trial, the jury listened to the testimonies of 13 witnesses presented by the prosecution, including medical experts. These experts detailed how Jennifer Stroud's failure to attend multiple appointments and administer medication directly contributed to Jason's heart failure and subsequent demise.

Furthermore, various social workers and healthcare professionals provided testimony, revealing that Jennifer Stroud had been offered complimentary transportation and accommodation to facilitate her attendance at these appointments.

Additionally, state witnesses affirmed that the medications and necessary testing procedures were provided to the family without any cost.

Following approximately an hour of deliberation, the jury rendered a verdict of guilty against Jennifer Stroud on all three charges. She was sentenced to 8 years.

“Both parents knew that Jason’s transplant required lifetime care, and they knew the risks of failing him. They were reckless with his life, and we hope these verdicts start a path toward justice for Jason,” Eric Kalata, lead prosecutor said.

Stroud challenged the convictions, contending that they were legally inconsistent and that she should be granted a fresh trial.

The Illinois Second District Appellate Court supported Stroud's argument by overturning her prior conviction and ordering a new trial.

The court made a distinction between the mental state required for child endangerment, which is "knowledge," and involuntary manslaughter, which necessitates a mental state of "recklessness." The court concluded that Stroud cannot be simultaneously convicted of both charges since the mental states required for these distinct offenses are contradictory.

Lake County State’s Attorney Eric Rinehart maintained his belief that the jury's verdict was accurate, asserting that Stroud's guilt for both offenses was justified due to differences in the time frames and actions or omissions associated with each charge.

“Ms. Stroud criminally failed to provide medicine to her son and knowingly missed critical medical appointments. She is guilty on both counts, and the different time periods make the guilty verdicts consistent,” Rinehart said. He added that he will appeal the new ruling to the Illinois Supreme Court, and asked that Stroud be remain in jail regardless of the new law ending cash bond in Illinois, as the appellate court did not rule on her guilt but on the appropriate charges brought against her.

David Stroud admitted guilt in 2019 for involuntary manslaughter, resulting in a five-year prison sentence as per court records.

Jennifer Stroud's jury trial, initially delayed by the pandemic, commenced in May 2022.

The recent reversal of Jennifer Stroud's conviction has raised questions about the adequacy of the initial trial and the evidence presented. The appeals court's decision suggests that there may have been flaws in the legal proceedings, prompting a reevaluation of Stroud's guilt.

This unexpected development in the case has drawn attention from legal experts and advocates for both sides, as the tragic circumstances surrounding the boy's death continue to stir debate and controversy.

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Chicago, IL

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