Houston, TX

Houston sister city part 4

Jason Martinez

HOUSTON, TX — Welcome to part three of the Houston Sister Cities. If you missed the previous ones, you might want to read that first.

A sister city or twin city is a long-term partnership between two towns, cities, provinces, or countries all across the globe. We'll explore each one of them in this miniseries.

1. Shenzhen, China

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A sister city since 1986, Shenzen is a major sub-provincial city on the east bank of the Pearl River estuary on the central coast of the southern province of Guangdong, China.

In 1980, Shenzhen was established as China's first special economic zone. The city is a leading global technology hub, dubbed by the media as China's Silicon Valley. It was one of the fastest-growing cities in the world in the 1990s and the 2000s.

2. Stavanger, Norway


Stavanger has been Houston's sister city since 1988. Stavanger is a city and municipality in Norway, also the fourth largest city and third-largest metropolitan area in Norway. Stavanger is known for its 18th- and 19th-century wooden houses, protected and considered part of its cultural heritage.

In the early 20th century, Stavanger's industry was mainly related to fisheries and shipping. Around the 1950s, over half of the working population in the city was employed in the industry.

The city's rapid population growth in the late 20th century was primarily a result of Norway's booming offshore oil industry. Today the oil industry is crucial in the Stavanger region, and the city is widely referred to as the Oil Capital of Norway.

3. Taipei, Taiwan.

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Taipei, one of the major hubs in East Asia, is the capital of Taiwan. It is also the country's political, economic, educational, and cultural center— and Houston's first sister city.

Taipei is home to various world-famous architectural or cultural landmarks, including Taipei 101, Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, Dalongdong Baoan Temple, Hsing Tian Kong, Lungshan Temple of Manka, National Palace Museum, Presidential Office Building, Taipei Guest House, Ximending and several night markets dispersed throughout the city.

4. Tampico, Mexico

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Tampico is the sister city of Houston since 2003. Tampico is a city and port in the southeastern part of the state of Tamaulipas, Mexico. It is located on the north bank of the Pánuco River, about 10 kilometers (6 mi) inland from the Gulf of Mexico and directly north of the state of Veracruz.

During the period of Mexico's first oil boom in the early 20th century, the city was the "chief oil-exporting port of the Americas" and the second-busiest in the world, yielding great profits that were invested in the city's famous architecture, often compared to that of Venice and New Orleans.

In 1923, Mexico's largest oil field dried up and leading to an exodus of jobs and investment, but economic development made the city a pioneer in the aviation and soda industries. They are also a major exporter of silver, copper, lumber, as well as wool, hemp, and other agricultural products.

5. Tyumen, Russia

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Tyumen, the first Russian settlement in Siberia, is Houston's sister city since 1995. It is the largest city and the administrative center of Tyumen Oblast.

Founded in 1586 to support Russia's eastward expansion, the city has remained one of the most important industrial and economic centers east of the Ural Mountains. Today Tyumen is an important business center and the transport hub and industrial center of Tyumen Oblast— an oil-rich region bordering Kazakhstan.

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