The Kargil War was an armed conflict between India & Pakistan that took place between May and July 1999 in the Kargil district of Kashmir.
The cause of the war was the infiltration of Pakistani soldiers, imposing as Kashmiri militants, into positions on the Indian side of the Line of Control, which serves as the de facto border between the two nations.
* The genesis of the Kargil War can be traced back to 1984, when India took control of what is known as the highest battlefield in the world: the Siachen Glacier.
* Apart from India, Siachen is strategically important for Pakistan as well as China.
* The infiltrators positioned themselves in key locations that gave them a strategic advantage during the start of the conflict.
* Pakistani soldiers had positioned themselves at higher altitudes, which gave them an advantage in combat, as they could fire down at advancing Indian troops.
* Operation Vijay was launched by the Indian Army to recapture the Indian territories from Pakistani intruders in the Kargil-Drass sector in 1999.
* India eventually won the war by regaining control of all the previously held territory, re-establishing the status quo ante-bellum.
* Safed Sagar, the Indian Air Force's operation, was a major part of the Kargil war. It used air power at the height of 32,000 feet for the first time.
* Kargil was the first war between India and Pakistan after the one in 1971 which had led to the formation of Bangladesh as a separate country.
Built by the Indian army, the Kargil War memorial wall in Dras has inscriptions of all the Indian soldiers who lost their lives in the war. The Memorial also has a museum with documents, recordings and pictures of the Indian soldiers at Kargil.