If you left the iceberg into a volcano

Fiction & Science

Very quickly, a closeby fountain of liquid magma will emit, regurgitating garbage and magma, and obliterating your city. You realize that retaliating in like manner ordinarily compounds the situation, yet perhaps you could battle fire with ice.

What happens when magma unexpectedly chills off? What amount of ice could you require? Does adding ice to a volcanic ejection aggravate it?

You wouldn't be the principal individual to attempt to stop magma by cooling it. Back in 1973, neighborhood experts in Iceland endeavored to stop a magma stream by utilizing super cold seawater. Yet, 5 billion liters (1.5 billion gallons) of seawater later, they actually couldn't stop the propelling magma.

Basically, they figured out how to redirect the stream from the island's harbor. Along these lines, gaining from this past disappointment, you choose to incline it up by dropping a goliath piece from an ice sheet into the center of the fountain of liquid magma. Is this a splendid thought or a terrible misstep?

Before you go unloading an ice sheet into your neighborhood, dynamic spring of gushing lava, we should run a reenactment first. Mount Michael, in the South Sandwich Islands, would be a decent proving ground. It has a 110 m (360 ft) wide magma lake that air pockets at around 988 ºC to 1,279 ºC (1,812 ºF – 2,334 ºF). Furthermore, it's situated in a forlorn region, so not very many living things would be at serious risk.

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You'd need a quite enormous icy mass to toss into Mount Michael's magma lake, about the size of one and a half football fields. This sounds huge. However, don't surrender on the grounds that enormous chunks of ice are not excessively uncommon. In 2017, a huge ice sheet severed the east side of Antarctica's landmass.

At the point when it initially severed, it was greater than Luxembourg and multiple times bigger than Mount Michael's magma lake. So when you have your icy mass or lump on an ice shelf, and you drop it into the magma, what might occur? Indeed, the main thing that you'd see is a quick impact of steam.

The gathering of these two limits, ice, and magma, would make the ice go from its strong state to a vaporous state immediately, avoiding the fluid structure. This is called sublimation. Then, two things could occur.

The ice may transform into steam quicker than it can circumvent, making a monstrous steam blast. This steam would make considerably more strain inside the well of lava, making it detonate. Solidified magma, called tephra, would fly through the air.

A portion of the pieces could be pretty much as extensive as a house not actually the thing you were going for. Shouldn't something be said about the subsequent chance? Indeed, on the other hand, the ice could cool the surface temperature of the magma.

The magma would seem as though it's bubbling as the fume attempts to get away, and it would solidify into a surface like Bubble Wrap. Job well done, isn't that so? Not actually. The hard shell would trap volcanic gas.

Over the long run, strain from the caught gas would work until – blast! The fountain of liquid magma shoots its top off. Thus, rather than halting a volcanic ejection, unloading an icy mass into a functioning spring of gushing lava would aggravate the blast. Perhaps this isn't the best thought in the event that you need to save your city from an approaching volcanic blast.

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