8 Step Guide to Creating an Indoor Garden

Elle Scott


One of the best hobbies I've adopted throughout the years is gardening. It wasn't until recently a couple of years ago that i decided to learn more about my indoor gardening.

Indoor gardeining is a great way to relieve stress, or simply chill out at home. But what can you do if there’s no space in your home for an outdoor garden?

You can create an indoor garden that thrives in your home. An indoor garden can be equally beneficial as an outdoor garden.

Taking care of plants regardless of the season has never been easier.

Say goodbye to excuses like laziness, lack of outdoor space, harsh weather conditions, etc. 

An indoor garden has multiple noteworthy features.

While serving the basic purpose as a garden, giving the usual supply of herbs or vegetables, it also gives an aesthetically pleasing look inside the house; creates a healthy environment as well.

Even if you have no other reason, an indoor garden can be a pretty good time-killer in chilly winters.  

You have decided to up your gardening game with an indoor garden, yes?

Very well, here is a DIY 8 step guide to creating an indoor garden.

This guide will help you set up your first indoor garden as easily as possible.

Step 1: Choose a location

Location and its orientation, with respect to the sun, play an important role in the efficiency of an indoor garden.

Plants need proper sunlight and optimum natural temperature for their growth. You have to make sure that the chosen location has direct or indirect access to plenty of sunlight.

Note that the location does not get excessive heat if exposure to the sun is too long during the summers.

There should not be anything near the place that sucks out the air such as an air ventilator. It may cause a lack of moisture in the air accessible to plants, deteriorating their health.

Step 2: Develop a control system

Ideal plant growth requires specific controlled values of numerous factors such as temperature, light, humidity, etc.

Optimum temperature range for plant growth is generally 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit with an error margin of +- 10 degrees.

Higher temperature may increase water requirements for the plants. Natural light is more than preferred for plants instead of artificial sources. Usually, 6 or more hours of direct sunlight is recommended for plants.

However, in the absence of direct sunlight, indirect sources of light can be used.

This could include florescent light tubes, LED lights, horticultural grow lights, heat lamps, etc.

For managing humidity, installing a humidifier is the best option. 50-60% humidity is considered ideal for indoor plants. 

Don't panic if you are setting up the system for the first time. Stick with the basic tips mentioned above.

Step 3: Decide a layout

Decide on a particular theme for your indoor garden. How do you want it to look?

Embrace your creativity and think of innovative ideas.

You can grow plants in any type of container i.e. an old jar, broken cupboard, used coffee cans, or a useless decoration piece.

Their arrangement depends upon your definition of “aesthetically pleasing”. Just be careful to add a drainage path to your chosen container to avoid a mess later. 

Step 4: Select the plants

Perhaps the most critical stage of creating an indoor garden is to choose what to grow.

There are a variety of options to choose from. However, you need to do your research on each of your considered options.

Whether their growth requirements are satisfied by your control environment or not?

Consider your needs while selecting the plants to grow.

Your kitchen requirements will play an important role in this regard.

Some herbs and vegetables like oregano, parsley, basil, lettuce, lemons, tomatoes, beans, etc. are best to go plants for domestic indoor gardens. 

Step 5: Choose between seeds or plants

As you have selected the types, there are two options now.

You can start from scratch by planting seeds or you can save yourself some time by purchasing little grown plants or seedlings.

It depends on multiple factors that include money, an effort of growing, and the types of plants. For example, if you choose unique plants, chances are you won’t be able to find its seedling.

Planting the seed is pretty much the only option in this regard. 

Step 6: Prepare to sow

All the initial steps are done and now finally it is the time to start sowing the seeds in the soil.

Using a proper soil mix is necessary because it contains all the necessary ingredients a plant needs for its growth.

As for the soil you can once again choose between two options.

Create your own soil mix or buy a prepared soil from the store. If you are a newbie latter option is recommended, although it will prove costly.

A prepared soil mix consists of soil, compost, and some additives like perlite. These items help improve drainage and root development for plants in containers. 

Choose the best time of year to sow your seed for your plants. It’s usually written on the seed packet. If not, you can do research or ask local gardeners about it.

It varies from plant to plant. 

Step 7: Take care of the plants

The task does not end with planting. You need to take proper care of the plants and most importantly, water them wisely.

Some indoor plants do not require water as frequently as outdoor plants, so they need the right amount of water without over-watering.

Soil should be kept moist all the time but not that moist to wash out the seed. Moisture should reach the roots.

A drip system can also be installed for watering as it is easy to supply and conserves water as well. 

Step 8: HARVEST!

Finally, your hard work pays off and it is the time to bear fruit!

Each plant will have a different time of harvest depending upon the time of sowing. However, a visual inspection should be done from time to time to keep in order to record their progress.

Once they are ripe, it is time to harvest them. This is when you’ll get to see all of your hard work paid off.

Have you started an indoor garden? Which plants did you choose?

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