Video Reveals the Recent Discovery of a 3,300-Year-Old Burial Cave from Pharaoh Ramses II's Rule Over the Israelites

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Carved in the shape of a square into the bedrock, a cave that has not been touched for 3,300 years has been discovered. The cave is located in Palmachim National Park, on the coast of Israel. It is from the late Bronze Age, during which Pharaoh Ramses II (also spelled Ramesses or Rameses) ruled and the Egyptian Empire controlled Canaan. Researchers assert that the discovery will "give us a complete picture of the funeral customs of the late Bronze Age." [i] [vi]

Watch the video below for a view of the recent discovery.

Numerous Untouched Relics Discovered

Discoveries in the cave included pottery pots, small storage containers (some containing bones), arrowheads, and spearheads. The items discovered date back to the nineteenth Egyptian dynasty, when "there was an Egyptian administration...which allowed safe conditions for large-scale trade." [ii]

These processes are illustrated in the cave's artifacts. For example, the pottery unearthed was "brought from Ugarit in the north, from Cyprus and the nearby coastal cities...which prove that the inhabitants of Yavne-Yam were integrated into the active trade that was taking place along the country's shores." [iii]

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Dozens of pottery vessels were found at the archaeological cave site.Emil Eljam/Israel Antiquities Authority

Yavne-Yam

Some researchers believe the cave indicates that local people lived on the coast, trading with Cyprus, Lebanon, and Syria. From previous research, it is known that Yavne-Yam is Hebrew for "Yavne on the Sea" and was the ancient port of Yavne (Jamnia). It was located south of Nahal Sorek's stream mouth close to Kibbutz Palmachim. The port was operational in the Middle and Late Bronze Ages. [iv]

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Head of a colossal statue of Ramesses II King of Egypt from Abydos 1290-1224 BCE New Kingdom Dynasty 19.Mary Harrsch/Wikimedia Commons

According to the Bible, Yavne was located in the region of Judah following "the Israelite conquest of the Land of Israel in the 13th Century B.C." The Bible calls it Yavneel, 'God will build,' or Jabneel, as seen in the King James Version. Joshua 15:11 suggests the port city was "included in the region of the Israelites. It reads,

Then it went out to the northern slope of Ekron, curved toward Shikkeron, proceeded to Mount Baalah, went on to Jabneel, and ended at the sea." [v]

Pharaoh Ramses II

Ramses II was the 19th dynasty's third king with the second longest reign in Egyptian history. He is most notorious for his numerous building programs. However, he is also well known for his many large-scale statues across Egypt. [vi]

Watch the short video below to learn about the winemaking complex discovered in Yavne less than a year ago.

References

[i] Medea Dumitrache, The funny way in which the funerary cave from the time of the pharaohs was discovered. It was untouched for 3,300 years (Sep. 18, 2022)

[ii] Ruth Schuster, Intact Burial Cave From Time of Ramesses II Discovered on Israeli Coast, (Sep. 18, 2022)

[iii] Medea Dumitrache, The funny way in which the funerary cave from the time of the pharaohs was discovered. It was untouched for 3,300 years (Sep. 18, 2022)

[iv] BibleWalks 500+ Sites, Yavne Yam - Port City, (2022)

[v] Bible Hub, Joshua 15:11 - Berean Standard Bible, (2022)

[vi] Britannica, Ramses II King of Egypt, (2022)

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