Your Privilege Doesn't Dictate Your Worldview!
We've all heard the saying, "Walk a mile in someone else's shoes." The idea is that our experiences, especially our privileges (or lack thereof), shape how we see the world. But what if that's not entirely true?
The Unexpected Findings
A recent study from the University of Pennsylvania's Positive Psychology Center has turned this common belief on its head. Contrary to popular opinion, having a positive worldview isn't necessarily tied to one's privilege. In fact, factors like socioeconomic status, neighborhood safety, health, and even gender don't correlate with positive worldviews as much as we might think. Researchers expected to find a strong connection between these indicators of privilege and a person's worldview. However, the actual association was a whopping 10 times less than what they predicted!
What Are "Primals"?
The study delves into what they term as "primals" - these are our most basic beliefs about the world. Do we see the world as progressing or declining? Harmless or threatening? Exciting or dull? Interestingly, these primal beliefs were found to be poor indicators of a person's privileged background. Nicholas Kerry, the lead author of the study, points out that many assume our beliefs are a direct reflection of our experiences. However, this isn't the case. Instead, our beliefs act more like lenses, filtering events in our lives rather than mirroring our backgrounds.
Implications for Therapy and Personal Growth
This revelation has profound implications, especially in the realm of therapy. Understanding that negative worldviews aren't set in stone for those who've faced hardships can be a game-changer. It opens up avenues for therapeutic interventions and personal growth. Past findings have shown that people with a just worldview tend to work harder, be kinder, and achieve more success. They also, unfortunately, tend to blame victims. But understanding the origin of these beliefs can help in reshaping them for a more positive outcome.
Surprising Survey Results
The study involved multiple surveys, one of which had over 14,000 participants. These participants responded to statements like "Life overflows with opportunity and abundance" and "It feels like the world is going downhill." Another surprising find was that women were slightly more likely to view the world as safe. Additionally, patients with cystic fibrosis were more inclined to believe the world is a good place compared to a control group.
The Big Question: What Shapes Our Worldview?
If privilege isn't the primary driver behind our worldview, then what is? That's the million-dollar question, and it's one that researchers are eagerly exploring. Current investigations are looking into potential genetic components and other factors that might influence our primal beliefs.
Our beliefs about the world aren't just a reflection of our backgrounds or privileges. They're complex, multifaceted, and influenced by a myriad of factors. So, the next time you make an assumption about someone based on their background, remember: their worldview might surprise you! References:
- University of Pennsylvania. "A positive worldview is less associated with privilege than expected." ScienceDaily, 7 September 2023. Link
- Kerry, N., White, K.C., O'Brien, M.L., Perry, L.M., & Clifton, J.D.W. (2023). Despite popular intuition, positive world beliefs poorly reflect several objective indicators of privilege, including wealth, health, sex, and neighborhood safety. Journal of Personality. DOI: 10.1111/jopy.12877.