Prisons in Ohio are the worst of all states, with the highest rates of violence and sexual assault. The state has a total of 6 prisons that hold over 11,000 inmates.
The largest prison is the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility (SOCF) in Lucasville, which holds more than 5,500 prisoners. It was built in 1980 and is located on near the city of Lima. SOCF houses many violent offenders including murderers, rapists, child molesters, and gang members. Inmates have been known to escape from the facility as often as once every two months. The facility also has a history of riots and escapes.
Other large facilities include:
Central Ohio Correctional Facility (COCF) in Columbus, housing about 4,600 inmates. COCF opened in 1989 and is one of the most secure prisons in the country.
Mansfield Correctional Institution (MCI) in Mansfield, holding around 3,400 inmates. MCI opened in 1998 and is considered to be the safest prison in the state.
Marion Correctional Institution (MCCI) in Marion, housing about 2,800 inmates. MCCI opened in 1995 and is considered to be one of the best prisons in the state.
Northern Reception & Correctional Center (NRCC) in Youngstown, holding about 1,700 inmates. NRCC opened in 1991 and is considered to be among the least safe prisons in the state. It is commonly referred to by inmates as "the hole."
Ross Correctional Institution (RCI) in Chillicothe, housing around 1,300 inmates. RCI opened in 1997 and is considered to be safer than most other prisons in the state. However, it still has a high rate of inmate-on-inmate assaults.
Southern Ohio Correctional Facility (SOHCF) in Lucasville, housing about 5,500 inmates. SOHCF opened in 1980 and is the second largest prison in Ohio. This facility has had several major incidents including an escape attempt in 1985, rioting in 1990, and a fire in 1993.
Level 2 Prisons in Ohio. Level 2 prisons are smaller than level 1 prisons but they are still very dangerous places for inmates. They house between 500 and 700 inmates.
Central Ohio Correctional Facility (COSCI) in Columbus, housing around 600 inmates. COSCI opened in 1989 and is considered to be less secure than other prisons in the state because it does not have its own perimeter fence.
Marion Correctional Institution (MCCCI) in Marion, housing around 400 inmates. MCCCI opened in 1998 and is one of the smallest prisons in the state. Like COSCI, this facility does not have its own outer wall.
Level 3 Prisons in Ohio. These prisons hold fewer than 300 inmates. Most of them are medium security institutions.
Central Ohio Correctional Institution (COSCI) - Central Ohio Correctional Facility (CASCI) in Columbus, holding about 350 inmates. CASCI opened in 1989 and has a reputation as being one of the most dangerous prisons in the state. There have been numerous escapes and riots at this facility.