Bamboo care in the garden

Dicle Belul

Although it originates from the foothills of the East Asian Himalayas, it also grows in wetlands and marshes in the south. Bamboo, whose Latin name is Phyllostachys, is from the Grain family. Bamboo, the indispensable plant of Japanese Zen gardens, is an indispensable plant for those who design a Zen garden.

Planting bamboo in the garden: Choosing tall or dwarf ones is an option that depends on your garden and your field of vision. Their squat length is around 60 cm. On the other hand, in Japan and China, there are large bamboo groves exceeding 9 m in height and 8-10 cm in diameter. In the conditions of our country, it usually reaches a maximum of 6 m.

Usage area: The dwarf ones can be a very nice hedge plant because they are suitable for pruning. You can use the tall ones on the neighbor fences that you want to close. If your garden is large, I would definitely use it in an area where you want dense greenery; it is worth trying for the visual effect of its green or variegated leaves swaying in the wind. Durability and ease of maintenance are other advantages of bamboo. I would like to draw your attention to one issue; Among plant enthusiasts there are serious bamboos.

Soil requirement: It likes permeable and always wet soil. If you do not have the opportunity to water frequently, either connect automatic irrigation or give up planting. If your soil is clayey, it's fine, but if it's chalky and has little nutritional value, I suggest you give a slow-melting nitrogen-containing fertilizer once a year (preferably in May).

Limiting bamboos: Bamboos are spreading plants that tend to cover the area they are in. Large areas are no problem. But in restricted areas, you can do the following;

  • Breaking roots with a hoe. This practice is effective if done frequently.
  • Limiting the planted area to a depth of 60 cm with metal, thick plastic or similar materials.
  • Expert advice in the narrow space: Bury a large plastic bucket as it is in the ground. This way you get complete protection.

Bamboos do not require any special care, except that they spread and become dehydrated. They have cold and heat-resistant structures. In the spring snails can haunt fresh shoots, take precautions.

Recommended varieties: Ask specialist growers (greenhouses) for Phyllostachys aurea, the most drought-tolerant species, and Phyllostachys nigra for its blackish stems.

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