Measuring carbohydrates with type 2 diabetes.

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Carbohydrate foods affect blood sugar levels faster than proteins and fats. Unfortunately, the portion sizes that we choose to eat usually are not the correct measurements and are often more than what we need to fuel our bodies.

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The author is not responsible or liable for any advice, course of treatment, diagnosis, or any other information that you may obtain through these articles. The food and nutrition articles are for informational purposes only. After reading articles, watching videos, or other content, you are strongly encouraged to review the information carefully with your professional healthcare provider. Always follow the healthcare provider’s guidance and orders.

Portion sizes need to be consistently accurate for better glucose control because one size does not fit all persons with type 2 diabetes.

Learning how to adjust eating habits and self-monitor blood glucose can be mind-boggling at first for the new diabetic.

The best way to determine a type 2 diabetic’s carbohydrate needs is to have a dietitian or diabetes educator design an individual meal plan to lay out diet requirements. Medical history, typical eating habits, age, height, weight, and activity level play a huge role in determining the right plan for each person.

Portion sizes need to be consistently accurate for better glucose control because one size does not fit all persons with type 2 diabetes.

Learning how to adjust eating habits and self-monitor blood glucose can be mind-boggling at first for the new diabetic.

The best way to determine a type 2 diabetic’s carbohydrate needs is to have a dietitian or diabetes educator design an individual meal plan to lay out diet requirements. Medical history, typical eating habits, age, height, weight, and activity level play a huge role in determining the right plan for each person.

I follow a 1200 calorie meal plan per day based on my height, weight, and energy needs. The meal plan provides two carbohydrate servings per meal (three meals per day.)

Becoming familiar with the correct serving sizes of carbohydrates was by experimenting with measuring cups, tablespoons, and teaspoons while cooking and dining at home. Now it has become second nature to judge portions accurately in my mind, especially at restaurants and parties where large portion sizes are luring me. Consequently, now eating out has become more relaxed and enjoyable.

Each serving of carbohydrates is 15 grams approximately. Note: A range of 14 to 18 grams is considered a reasonable serving size.

Fruit:

  • One medium fresh fruit.
  • 1/2 cup of apple or orange juice (1/3 cup of cranberry or grape).
  • 3/4 cup of mixed berries.

Bread and cereals:

  • One slice of bread.
  • 1/2 hamburger or hotdog bun, 1/2 English muffin.
  • 1/2 cup cooked oatmeal.
  • 3/4 cup dry cereal.
  • 3 cups lightly buttered air popcorn.

Milk and dairy products:

  • 1 cup of milk.
  • 6 to 8 oz. low-fat yogurt.
  • 1/4 cup sherbet.
  • 1/2 cup ice cream (reviewed several flavors of ice cream).

Starchy vegetables and potatoes:

  • 1/2 cup mashed potatoes, corn, and peas.
  • 1/3 cup of brown or white rice, pasta, and cooked beans.
  • One tablespoon of sugar, honey, and syrup.

Combination foods:

  • 1/2 cup of chili, spaghetti, macaroni and cheese, casseroles, and hearty soups.

Remember the saying “clean your plate.” Well, those days are over. I recommend “don’t do it!”

References:
American Association of Diabetes Educators, Cornell, S., Halstenson, C., & Miller, D. K. (2019). The Art and Science of Diabetes Self-Management Education Desk Reference (4th ed.). American Association of Diabetes Educators.

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I am a Registered Dietitian and Certified Diabetes Care and Education Specialist with a culinary arts degree. My comprehensive blend of cooking and nutrition expertise provides reliable “back to the basics” practical information.

Buckeye, AZ
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