The research supported physical and mental health benefits of exercise.

Conquering Cognitions
Image by simisi1 from Pixabay

Yesterday, I sat at a four-way stop sign waiting for the light to turn green. I waited an embarrassingly long time before I realized what I was doing. Thankfully, no one was behind me, but it was a powerful reminder that I am feeling a bit distracted these days.

When feeling out of sorts, my go-to coping skill is exercise. Physical activity is a powerful force in our mood, sleep, and cognitive health.

We live longer, feel better, and our brains function more efficiently with it.

Exercise fights depression

There are numerous studies on the benefits of physical activity in treating depression, including this recent one published in JAMA Psychiatry. The authors, Choi et al (2019), wrote, “enhancing physical activity is an effective prevention strategy for depression.” If you want to feel better, you must move your body.

With exercise, the body releases endorphins which improves our mood. This in turn increases our motivation and energy to engage in other enjoyable activities (hanging out with friends, journaling, meditating) which further enhances mood. All of these behavioral changes work together to fight depression. Physical activity starts a virtuous cycle of health.
Image by Pexels from Pixabay

Physical activity promotes better sleep

Daily exercise helps you fall asleep faster and improves sleep quality. Restorative sleep is crucial to our health. During sleep, the body repairs muscles and tissues, releases human growth hormone and replenishes energy stores for the next day. When you sleep well, you feel better both physically and emotionally. A great starting point for improving sleep is exercise.

Exercising outdoors during the morning hours is particularly beneficial as natural light plays a vital role in the sleep-wake cycle.

Exercise improves learning

A systematic review of current literature found that young adults who participated in moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise shortly before a learning task displayed better encoding and retention of information. A single boost of aerobic exercise (in one study, as little as five minutes), followed by a brief recovery, was beneficial in improving learning.

Physical activity decreases the risk of dementia

Your lifetime risk of general dementia is cut in half if you participate in aerobic physical activity. If you are not currently an active person, studies have found that you can improve brain power in as little as four months by adding exercise.

“I’m not telling you it is going to be easy. I’m telling you it is going to be worth it.”
Art Williams
Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay

Start small

The health benefits of exercise are well-established, so why do people struggle to remain active?

Often the problems that would improve with exercise, such as stress, depression, and fatigue, are the very factors that make it hard to be active.

When we are depressed, we struggle with low energy and motivation. We feel tired, and even the simplest tasks are difficult, like getting out of bed and showering. The thought of going for a walk or engaging in other forms of exercise seems like an insurmountable hurdle. The first step is often the hardest, so it is helpful to start small.

Dr. B.J. Fogg, a researcher at Stanford and author of Tiny Habits: The Small Changes that Change Everything, developed a program for altering habits. Fogg suggests setting tiny goals for behavior change as it is easier to be successful with little behavior modifications.

This approach is especially helpful if you are struggling with depression. Start small by doing a five-minute walk around your house or neighborhood. Set a tiny goal of fifty extra steps a day and build from there. Other ideas include ten jumping jacks, one push-up, or two lunges every hour.

You get an immediate mood boost from exercise, so any physical activity will be quickly reinforcing which helps to maintain the behavior. You might even find that you have the energy to do more activities than you initially thought.

“Take care of your body. It’s the only place you have to live.”
Jim Rohn
Image by Pexels from Pixabay

Stay Motivated

Despite all the advantages of exercising, maintaining a physical activity routine can be challenging. Here are a few ways to stay motivated.

Extrinsic reinforcement

External rewards are powerful motivators for behavior. If you need some extra incentive for maintaining an exercise routine, consider the free Achievement app. After syncing your exercise tracker (FitBit, Apple watch, phone, etc.) with the app, you are rewarded with points for health-promoting behaviors such as daily steps, sleep, and reading health-related articles. When you reach 10,000 points, you can exchange it for a cash reward.

Challenge your excuses

If you find yourself using the excuse that you don’t have enough time for physical activity, try rephrasing the sentence. Instead of “I don’t have the time to exercise”, say, “It is not a priority to exercise”. Is that how you feel? Probably not. A simple change of words gives the sentence a noticeably different feel and may provide some added motivation.

Exercise with music

We can multiply the mood-enhancing benefits of exercise by adding music to our workout routine. Research indicates that listening to our preferred music stimulates dopamine in the brain, a neurotransmitter that plays a role in motivation and reward. A surge of dopamine makes us feel better and increases the likelihood we will continue exercising.

Final thoughts

The health benefits of exercise are vast. From a behavioral health perspective, daily physical activity is one of the most powerful behavioral changes you can make for your mood. Exercise is accessible to most by simply stepping outside the front door and going for a walk. It can be instantly gratifying, and you experience both short and long-term benefits such as improved mood, sleep, learning, and brain functioning.

What is your favorite type of exercise?

Please follow me for more articles on healthy living, self-care, and personal growth. This article was originally published on

Comments / 1

Published by

Jill is a clinical psychologist, PsyD. She has extensive experience treating anxiety, depression, and trauma. Jill writes about personal growth, self-care, and healthy relationships. She is also an outdoor enthusiast, museum lover, and runner.

Colorado Springs, CO

More from Conquering Cognitions

Comments / 0