Common schemes and prevention tips to protect seniors from scams

B.R. Shenoy

Scammers frequently target Senior Texans through various communication channels, such as email, regular mail, and telephone calls.

Per the Texas Department of insurance:

“In 2021, more than 6,700 Texans over age 60 reported losing more than $159 million to fraud.”

According to U.S. News:

Seniors lose more than $3 billion to fraud each year, according to the FBI.”

Their primary objective is to deceive seniors into sending money or disclosing personal information.

To safeguard yourself against these scams, it is essential to understand their strategies and be aware of common scams that specifically impact seniors.

This article will outline the cornerstone of most scams, highlight specific types of scams that target seniors, and provide preventive measures to protect against fraudulent activities.

Cornerstone of Most Scams

Scammers employ two primary tactics to manipulate seniors into providing money or personal information. The first is enticing individuals with promises of rewards or prizes, and the second is instilling fear by making them believe something negative will happen if they do not comply.

Legitimate entities never make unsolicited contact to ask for personal information, and winning prizes or government grants should never require upfront payments.

Specific Scams Affecting Seniors

  1. Tech Support Scams: Seniors, who may be less familiar with the latest technology, are often targeted by scammers using elaborate tricks. It is crucial not to grant access to your computer to anyone you do not know and trust.
  2. Advance Fee Fraud: These scams involve paying a fee to obtain a supposed benefit, such as an inheritance or lottery winnings. Remember that legitimate winnings or benefits should not require upfront payments.
  3. Lotteries & Sweepstakes: Seniors should be aware of lottery and sweepstakes laws in their respective jurisdictions. Legitimate prizes should not require payment to claim them.
  4. Counterfeit Cashier's Checks: Scammers sometimes present convincing counterfeit cashier's checks and request victims to deposit them under suspicious circumstances. Beware of returning a portion of the funds to strangers in such situations.
  5. Travel Tips and Scams: While travel is enjoyable, there are pitfalls to avoid. Seniors should be cautious of travel-related scams and take appropriate measures to protect their personal information and finances.
  6. SPAM: Though it is impossible to avoid all unwanted emails, there are measures individuals can take to minimize potential dangers and limit the influx of unwanted emails.
  7. Online Scams: Scammers exploit various online platforms. It is important to be vigilant while engaging in online activities and familiarize oneself with common online scams to avoid falling victim to them.

Preventing Senior Scams

Protecting seniors from scams requires proactive measures. Here are some preventive actions:

  1. Hang up or delete: If you receive unsolicited calls or emails requesting personal information or payment, hang up the phone or delete the email.
  2. Verify before giving: Investigate organizations before donating or providing personal information. Look for contact information and call them directly if interested in contributing.
  3. Refuse immediate payment: In cases of funeral scams or demands for unpaid debts, refuse to send money right away and request written documentation of the expense.
  4. Be skeptical of government imposters: The IRS or Social Security Administration will not demand immediate payment or personal information over the phone. Verify the legitimacy of calls before providing any information.
  5. Educate yourself: Stay informed about common scams targeting seniors and share this knowledge with friends and family. Awareness is the first line of defense.

Closing Thoughts

Scammers often exploit the vulnerability and trust of seniors, resulting in significant financial losses each year. By understanding the common scams that affect seniors and implementing preventive measures, seniors can protect themselves from falling victim to fraudulent activities.

Remember, if something seems too good to be true or feels suspicious, it's essential to take steps to verify its legitimacy before providing personal information or making any payments.


Have you ever been the victim of a scam? Please share your thoughts in the comments.

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A seasoned content creator with an M.S. in Toxicology, specializing in unique narratives, heartwarming animal tales, and local news.

Texas, State

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