In the Bible, the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah are described as being wicked. Thus, God destroyed the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah by raining "sulfur and fire" on the cities.
Now an ancient archaeological site in Jordan called Tall el-Hammam is being excavated by archaeologists and a few of them believe that the site could represent Sodom or Gomorrah.
Tall el-Hammam is located in the Jordan Valley close to the mouth of the Jordan River. The excavation of the site which began in 2005 is being conducted by a collaboration of archaeologists from Trinity Southwest University (New Mexico, USA), Veritas International University (Santa Ana, California), and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
The basis for identifying Tall el-Hammam as representing Sodom or Gomorrah is due to its location and certain findings. A few archaeologists believe that the site could specifically be Sodom because the Bible described Sodom as being located in the fertile Jordan River.
Also, the archaeologists believe that the site was occupied by humans for 2,500 years until it was destroyed by a meteor airburst. The meteor airburst is a fireball that results when a meteor explodes as it enters the Earth's atmosphere. This would account for the "fire and brimstone" destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah as described in the Bible.
The archaeologists claimed that they found evidence of intense heat and materials that would have been left behind by a meteor impact on the site.
Other possible scenarios for the destruction of Tall el-Hammam include an invasion, a large fire, or even a comet.
Presently, there is some controversy among scientists about the nature of the destruction of Tall el-Hammam and whether the site is really the location of Sodom or Gomorrah. Not all archaeologists remain convinced.
Meanwhile, the excavation of Tall el-Hammam is a work in progress.