'Brain-eating' fungus reached from land to sea, scientists found 42 such dead dolphins

Akki John

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A brain-killing fungus reached badly from land into the sea. Due to which 40 dolphins and porpoises have died. Between 1997 and 2016, scientists found 42 dead dolphins that died due to fungus. This fungus is spreading rapidly in the northwest of the Pacific Ocean.

Scientists found 42 dolphins dead in the Salish Sea around Washington and British Columbia. The fungus that was in his body is found on the ground. Whether it goes to the sea in the soil or on the trees, its mystery is now solved. The name of this fungus is Cryptococcus gattii. It is a tropical fungus that has badly affected the lungs and brains of dolphins. It destroys the decision-making ability of the brain, after that it eats it inside.

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In British Columbia, the same fungus Cryptococcus gattii sickened 218 people between 1999 and 2007, of whom 19 died. But it remains a mystery whether it came from sea to land or from land to sea as it usually lives inside soil on land. Then how is it affecting the sea creatures? It also does not pass from one organism to another. So the scientists got worried. According to a recent report published in the journal Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, the habitat of this fungus is changing due to changes in Cryptococcus gattii. It is going north leaving the tropical region. Due to deforestation and cities being built continuously, the fungus came out of the land and trees and swam in the air, and reached the sea.

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After that, it started floating on the upper surface of the sea. Which the dolphin and porpoise fish took into the body while breathing. Because both of these fish live in deep water, they also periodically come to the upper surface of the ocean to hurl air and take oxygen. Often plays with the waves. Boats and boats of humans go back and forth. Because of this, small particles of this fungus must have gone into the body while breathing.

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The first case of Cryptococcus gattii found in the Salish Sea was reported in 1997. Then many dolphins and porpoises were killed. Two years later in 1999, the infection of this fungus spread to humans. Scientists are still trying to understand how the fungus that kills fish from land in the ocean is infecting humans.

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This is just one example of how to land fungi that have increased their area due to climate change. Infections of the Coccidioides fungus tripled in the Southwest of California between 2014 and 2018. It is also called valley fever. According to a modeling study conducted in 2019, by the year 2100, the disease could extend its territory to Kansas or North Dakota.

According to a study in mBio in 2019, the drug-resistant fungus Candida Auris has spread multiple times in Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Its first infection was seen in the year 2009 in a woman from Tokyo. This fungus has resorted to rising temperatures and global warming to enter the human body. Made himself fit to survive in high temperatures.

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University of California researcher Sarah Teiman said that the way the environment is changing, many disasters will come. But the biggest danger is a disease. Do not know from which place fungus, viruses, or bacteria started attacking humans and animals.

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Akki John is an aspiring writer who works on various social media sites including Upwork , Instagram and Facebook Groups. I've written for major magazines , blogged on some of the top blogs , and worked behind the scenes on branding projects for awesome clients. i like read books and written for blogs.

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