We all know how vital nutrition is. What we eat has a significant impact on our health and happiness. We all require the same nutrients, but the amounts required vary according on age, gender, and a few other factors.For example, Women who are pregnant or nursing require more of the majority of nutrients.
Nutritional study nowadays focuses on not only the prevention of nutritional deficiencies, but also the role of nutrients in lowering the long-term risk of diseases including heart disease and cancer.
According to current statistics, our eating habits, including the meals we eat and drink, as well as the foods we avoid, play a significant impact in averting four of the top ten causes of mortality in the United States. Heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes are among them.
THE DIETARY GUIDELINES
Aim for Fitness
• Aim for a healthful weight
• Everyday,get some exercise
Build a Healthy Base
• Let the Pyramid guide your food choices
• Choose a variety of grains daily, especially whole grains
• Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables daily
• Maintain Food safety
• Eat a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fat
• Select beverages and foods that will help you control intake of sugars
• Choose and prepare foods that are low in sodium
• Drink alcoholic beverages in moderation if you must.
DIER AND EXERCISE
The most efficient strategy to reduce weight and stay healthy is to combine diet and exercise.
A 500-calorie deficit each day can result in a weekly weight loss of one pound.
Here are some ideas for cutting 250 to 300 calories from your regular diet while also burning another 250 calories through increased physical activity.
- Reduce your daily meat intake by 3 to 4 ounces
- Two tablespoons of butter, margarine, or oil.
- Avoid drinking two 12-ounce cans of sugary fizzy beverages every day.
- Avoid drinking two 12-ounce cans of beer every day.
- Avoid eating a candy bar.
- Every day, walk for 60 minutes at a moderate pace.
- Every day, spend 50 minutes gardening.
- 30 minutes of lap swimming
- Every day, jog for 25 minutes.
- Bike for 25 minutes every day
THE PYRAMID OF FOOD GUIDE.
Many of the concepts in the pyramid emphasize a plant-based diet that is low in fat, high in fiber, and high in key vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients.
All of these characteristics contribute to good health and can help you lose weight and lower your risk of heart disease and stroke certain forms of cancer.
- Sweets, fats, and oils (eat sparingly)
- Milk products: Skim or low-fat
milk, yogurt, low-fat or non fat
cheeses or cottage cheese.
- Vegetables: Fresh or
cooked vegetables,or juices
- Meats and other foods high in protein: Cooked dry beans, peas, lentils, peanut butter, almonds, seeds, tofu, and eggs (3 to 4 yolks per week).
- Grains: whole-grain breads, bagels, English muffins, whole-grain, cooked, or ready-to-eat breakfast cereals, crackers, tortillas, pancakes, pasta, rice
- Fruits: (apple, apricots, bananas, berries, dates, figs, grapefruit, grapes, guava, kiwi, mango, melon, nectarine, orange, pineapple).